6 Javanese Culture, Hereditary, Passed Down Until Now

As a large country with 17,548 islands, Indonesia is known for its rich culture. This is inseparable from the large number of tribes living in Indonesia, which number more than 250 tribes. In addition, as an archipelago, Indonesia also influences why cultures between regions can vary. Up to areas around Indonesia in Asia such as Malaysia, Brunei in the Philippines and others

One of the largest tribes in Indonesia is the Javanese. Demographically, the Javanese inhabit the central and eastern regions of Java Island. As a large tribe, of course the Javanese also have a great culture, used from generation to generation, and are still found today. What kind of culture is that? Here we review 6 Javanese culture that has been passed down from generation to generation to the present.

1. Language

The Javanese have a regional language called Javanese. Most of the Javanese people generally use this Javanese language more than they use the national language, Indonesian, to speak in everyday life. The Javanese language has different rules regarding intonation and vocabulary with regard to who is speaking and to whom the interlocutor is. Like Ngoko, Kromo, Kromo Inggil. This is commonly referred to as unggah-ungguh

This rule has a strong social influence in Javanese culture and is indirectly able to form a strong awareness of its social status in the community. For example, wherever someone from the Javanese tribe is, he will still respect his elders even though he doesn't know him. This kind of uploading was first formed by the Javanese Tribe through exemplary language. And in Java there are dozens of Javanese language variations with different accents and words, such as in Surabaya, Malang, Madiun, Solo, Yogya, Purwakarta, Banyumas, Sundanese. Each of them has its own peculiarities and we can easily distinguish the origin of the area

2. Trust

In the past, the Javanese people mostly embraced Hinduism, Buddhism, dynamism animism, and Kejawen as their guidelines. In contrast to the present day, most Javanese people embrace Islam and a small portion adhere to Christianity and Catholicism. Even so, the past culture of Javanese society is not completely abandoned because the Kejawen belief, which is a belief generated from Javanese culture, is still practiced. Like making a count of the days in which every event of birth, death and marriage

The Javanese belief contains the culture, art, rituals, traditions, attitudes and philosophy of the Javanese people. Usually this belief is held strongly by people who are old and generally there are not generations under it

manywho follow it. Despite different views, this turned out not to cause friction between the old and the young, even the young people tended to respect the old for this problem.

3. Arts

In the field of cultural arts, the Javanese people can say that they have a wealth of diverse arts. At least this traditional art is divided into 3 groups according to their cultural roots, namely Banyumasan (Ebeg), Central Java and East Java (Ludruk and Reog). For the art of music, Javanese people have Javanese style which is an adaptation of keroncong music into Javanese traditional music, especially Gamelan.

In addition, the Javanese have a variety of dance arts from various regions, namely the Bambangan Cakil Dance from Central Java, the Angguk Dance from Yogyakarta, the Ebeg Dance from Banyumas, the Gandrung Dance from Banyuwangi, the Kridhajati Dance from Jepara, the Kuda Lumping Dance from Central Java, the Reog Dance. from Ponorogo, Dance 

4. The philosophy

The Javanese are also known to be closely related to the philosophy of life, especially with what was taught by Sunan Kalijaga. In its preaching activities, Sunan Kalijaga often uses a traditional approach so that many Javanese follow his teachings. For example, the songs Lir-ilir and Gundul-gundul Pacul are his works which are still being heard from generation to generation.

Sunan Kalijogo also left the philosophy of life contained in the Dasa Pitutur which is still being carried out today. The contents include urip iku urup, memayu hayuning bawana ambrasta dur hangkara, sura dira jaya jayaningrat melting away from pangastuti, ngluruk without reinforcements to win without ngasorake sekti without aji-aji sugih without bandha, and so on.

Remo from East Java, Emprak Dance from Central Java, Golek Menak Dance from Yogyakarta, and Sintren Dance from Central Java.

5. Calendar

One of the richness of Javanese culture that is not owned by other tribes is the Javanese calendar. This calendar is the calendar used by the Mataram Sultanate. When Islam began to develop in Java, Sultan Agung decided to leave the Saka calendar and replace it with the Hijri calendar with Javanese cultural adjustments. The Javanese calendar is made with a blend of Islamic culture, Hindu-Buddhist culture, and European culture.

In the Javanese system calendar, there are two kinds of daily cycles, namely the weekly cycle consisting of 7 days as we know it today (Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday) and the Pancawara week cycle which consists of of 5 market days (Manis, Pahing, Pon, Wage, and Kliwon). For months, the Javanese calendar also has 12 months, namely Sura, Supar, Mulud, Bakda Mulud, Jumadil Akhir, Rajab, Ruwah, Pasa, Sawal, Sela, and Besar.

6. Javanese Counts

Traditionalsociety also has a calculation system to make important decisions. This calculation system is commonly called Neptu, including the number of calculating days, market days, months and years of Java. Every day, market day, month, and year have different values. From the total calculation value, it will be known the pros and cons of the decisions that will be taken.

This calculation can also be based on the composition of the Javanese Script (ha na ca ra ka, da ta sa wa la, pa dha ja ya, ma ga ba tha nga). Each character has a different value, for example, ha, da, pa, ma each have the value of 1 and the letters na, ta, dha, ga each have the value of 2, and so on. From the total calculation, it will be matched with 5 elements, namely Sri, Langat, Gedhong, Loro and Pari. The Sri, Langat and Gedhong elements are positive elements, while Loro and Pati elements are negative elements that Javanese people usually avoid.

Well, those are the 6 Javanese cultures that are still passed down from generation to generation until we can meet them until now. Even though it still exists, it is not impossible with the swiftness of the modernization era of Javanese culture to be eroded. Therefore, it is the role of the younger generation that will determine how the preservation of this culture will be.

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